|Ara||A certain amount of money or a certain quantity of spare things, made a sign that contract (consolidation of contractual obligations). In practice, the ARA is often given at the conclusion of preliminary contracts.
In fulfillment of the contract must return fire or included in the fulfillment of obligations (eg. Included in the purchase price).
A party who has made a deposit can not withdraw from the contract in that it leaves a deposit to the other party; Nor does this do to the other party that returns a double deposit – unless the parties have agreed to such a possibility (as CANCELLATION ara, ara as skesnina).
|More on the concept of Ara – click here!|
|Aval||Bill of exchange guarantee; securing the payment of notes payable, partially or in full.
Aval is expressed by the words “per aval”, “as a guarantor” or any other term which means the same.
Aval may be a third person, or someone who has already signed the bill.
|More on the concept Aval – click here!|
|Author||A natural person who created the work. Legal entities can not be authors, but they can be holders of individual material and other copyright rights (entitlements).|
|More about the notion of author – click here!|
|Copyright||The common term for several different rights belonging to the author of a copyrighted work, which is divided into three sections:
– moral rights (eg. The right to recognition of authorship, the right to respect for copyrighted works);
– copyright material (eg. The reproduction right, the right of public performance, right of public transmission, right of making available to the public);
– other rights of the author (eg. The right of access to the original or instance, the right to compensation for sound or visual fixation, and for photocopying).Copyright arises only with creation of copyright works and does not require any registration or other official act.
Copyright generally lasts for 70 years after the author’s death.
Individual material and other rights of the author may by contract to another person (eg. Labels, TV broadcasters, producers, etc.), Moral rights can be transferred only in the case of inheritance.
|More on the concept of copyright – click here!|
|copyrighted work||Individual intellectual (spiritual) creations in the field of literature, science or art, which is expressed in any manner. If the work is not expressed (at the level of ideas), it is not a copyrighted work. A necessary condition for the copyrighted work is a sufficient degree of individuality, which means that the work is separated from the same or similar copyright works.
Copyrighted works are, in particular:
For some works that otherwise meet the definition of a copyrighted work, the law expressly provides that non-original works: the ideas, principles and discoveries; official texts of a legislative, administrative and judicial areas (laws, regulations, rules, judgments, orders, decisions, etc.) and folk literary and artistic creations.
|More on the concept of copyrighted work – click here!|
|Free legal aid||Free assistance in legal proceedings for those persons who are of legal aid regardless of their economic situation would not be able to afford without harming their livelihood and the livelihood of their families.
The conditions and procedures for granting free legal aid provided for by law.
|More on the concept of free legal aid – click here!|
|Gift contract||Contract by which the donor undertakes to donee on a free transfer ownership or other rights, or by other means in the burden of his possessions enriched, donee, however, declare that it agrees with this. Agreeing donee is a necessary condition for the formation of the contract.|
|More on the concept of a deed of donation – click here!|
|Premium||See: Gift contract|
|More on the concept of Premium – click here!|
|donor||Customer donation agreement that the other party (the donee) downloaded free of charge (he gives) a thing or right. For the formation of a deed of donation (gift Treaty) it is necessary that the donee accepts the gift.|
|More on the concept of donor – click here!|
|heir||A person who is entitled to the death of a certain person (decedent) is inherited her entire estate or a part of this property.
Heir may be called the testator in the will (testament) – a testamentary heir. If the deceased did not make a will is determined by the law, who inherited – it is a legal heir (eg. Children, men, women, and others).